The historical settlement, situated at the mountain-ridge above river Dubračina, a prehistoric hill-fort, gained its name after the antique station Ad Turres (at towers) on the road Tarsatica – Senia. The mediaeval settlement was fortified, and later it spread along the hillside. It was deserted after the fire in 1776, and the inhabitants migrate to Crikvenica which becomes more powerful at that time precisely. The intensive mediaeval life is evidenced in numerous documents, the town acquired a great regional significance with one of its exits to the sea, and it becomes a parish with a Gothic church of St Simon in the 15th c. The church was probably built by the Franciscan monks from Trieste (then in town`s possession), in the place of an earlier Romanesque church (cross-shaped ground plan, dilapidated vaulted-over sanctuary and side chapels) and dilapidated churches of St George (Romanesque) on top of the hill, and Holy Trinity (baroque Gothic style) on the top of the other hill towards Grižane and St. Mikula (Romanesque) which was later turned into outhouses. Today the historical settlement is mainly abandoned, despite its environmental values. Kotor and the surrounding areas are a part of Vinodol`s region, with agricultural spatial organization interpreted with drystone walls. The drystone masonry represents a part of the monumental structure of the zone, since they continue the antique parcelling, until the recent individual allocation of the land.
Olive mill in Dramalj
The mechanism of an olive mill is located in Dramalj, on the coast, on the plot called Pazdehova, in a one-room stone structure, with an open ceiling and a gable roof covered with half-round tiles. Its parts are mostly made of wood, with fragmentary interventions in iron. It consists of static and mobile inventory for grinding and pressing of olives, fixed to the ground and the ceiling beams. The state of preservation of the structure, as well as the inventory, is satisfying and it gives evidence of a strong tradition of olive growing as an economic branch, characteristic of the Adriatic region.
This building simbollically unites several elements typical of the traditional culture of the 19th c and earlier, in these areas: a distinctive architectural solution of the Adriatic stone architecture, primarily fishermen`s cottages, provides location for the olive mill facilities, in that way is the segment of life portrayed in the given time.
© Ineco, 1995./2005.