"MIRINE" - Early-Christian basilica

Two kilometres on the south-western side to Omišalj, in a small bay called Sepen on the peninsula Pernibe, numerous remains of antique and medieval architecture are known, as well as the necropolis. The most interesting monument of this locality is a one-nave, longitudinal Early-Christian basilica "Mira", dating from the 6th c., the only preserved sacral building of this type not only on the island of Krk, but also in the whole Croatian Littoral. It is preserved to the roof height, with a nartex, transept, prothesis and diaconicon. The manner of the treatment of the semicircular windows' endings is characteristic to a particular group of the period. Local tradition connects this church with a Benedictine abbey of St. Nicholas, abandoned in the 15th c. and relocated closer to Omišalj.

On the western side to this building there is a one-nave Romanesque church with a semicircular apse. On one lateral wall there are the remnants of a window with a semicircular ending. Due to an inadequate adaptation the church has lost its original shape, the façades being adapted together with a new roofing. On the eastern side to the Early-Christian basilica the remains of a building are situated, walls of dressed stone, of greater dimensions (northern and western) being visible only sporadically, while the rest is covered in vegetation.

Mirne - the remains of the early Christian basilica
The remains of the sarcophagus

FULFINIUM - the Roman town

On the very coastline of the cove called Sepen, cca. 50m from the Romanesque chapel and about 500m away from the ruins of the Early-Christian church from the 5th c., there is a huge Roman necropolis with rich grave stock. The location of the necropolis and the finding of an antique inscription (telling about the building of a public water supply system) all lead to a presumption that a Roman town Fulfinium once stood here, which came to existence in the period of the disintegration of the Roman Empire, at the beginning of the 1st c. AD. The town spread out across the plain by the fertile fields and a well sheltered port Sepen. Fulfinium was a military settlement, peopled mostly with veteran soldiers and officers of various legions and cohorts. It is assumed that, like other Roman towns, it had a regular street plan, a forum, waterworks and sewage system, and the usual urban structures: the temple, town villas, buildings of public purpose, baths, market-place etc. There aren't any exact data about the abandonment of Fulfinium, yet it is believed that it was destroyed by the Croats, when its citizens withdrew into romanized town of Krk.

The remains of the old town Fulfinium are long gone wiped out by the weather and the erosion, and some parts have been probably submerged by the sea. Still, sporadically we find walls preserved up to 1m and above. The Roman port Sepen was also destroyed, owing to the sea-level change and today's building-projects.

The remains of the Roman town- Fulfinium

The zone of the coastal and approaching waters from cape Voziščica to Njivice

The cove Sepen

This area includes cove Voz, the bay of Omišalj, cove Sepen and an anchorage Beli Kamik. A great number of scattered Roman archaeological objects has been attested here, individual and grouped, and in regard to the remains of Roman settlements along the coast, building remains and parts of piers can also be found.

Important Buildings
Ethno-Zones And Ethno-Monuments
Omišalj Njivice

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