Panoramic view of village Dubašnica
The ethnographic zone of Dubašnice includes a group of twenty villages in the western part of the island of Krk, i.e. the remainings of that group. Those are open type settlements, and they consist of larger or smaller number of households with well-formed features of traditional architecture of the island of Krk. The household consists of one single- or double-room residential structure, and the economy buildings made in dry wall techniqe with vegetable covering or brick-made economy buildings covered in half-round tiles. The architectural features are manifested through stone houses, usually two-storey ones, with span-roofs covered with half-round tiles, with stone apertures and a vaulted-over area in front of the entrance to the cellar and the stone staircase upon it. Inside there is a hearth, seen as an apse or a square annexe from the outside. The construction of massive, diversely shaped chimneys follows the occurence of hearths in the houses of Dubašnica. The organization of households, settlements and structures in general, is interpreted with the dry wall. The particularity of this area is a great number of threshing-floors made of stone, which testify of strong agricultural culture of Dubašnica, next to the older one – cattle breeding culture.
The most of these villages have lost their spacial and achitectural characteristics due to the new aggressive construction. The historical state of the settlement as a whole, and the condition of individual complexes of buildings in the settlement, as well as architectural details, are all devastated. In that way the representative characteristics of rural zones of the island of Krk from the end of the 19th c and earlier are lost.
Ethno-zone of Miholjica-Semenje comprises the two villages with their surroundings. The villages are open-type ones with several lines of 3 to 5 residential buildings, and with traces of numerous economy structures scattered around. The settlements were founded on an open agricultural land, parceled out with dry wall boundaries. In the cultural-historic sense they belong to the castle of Omišalj and the area of formerly independent parish of Miholjica.
The villages are connected together with an old road, and there also exist numerous ways connecting agricultural lands and the villages of Dobrinj and Dubašnica areas. The villages are dilapidated and abandoned, with the spacial organization characteristic of the traditional architecture belonging to the end of the 19th c. The development of these settlements probably began by the end of the 16th c. until 1836 and 1855, when the epidemic rapidly caused the cessation of living continuity.
Ethno-zone Seršići – Sv. Vid includes a settlement bearing the same name with wider surroundings. The village consists of several households with residential and economy bulidings, made of stone, with a rectangular ground-plan, gable roof covered with half-round tiles or vegetable covering. A line of single-storey structures with a small ground-plan dominates the village centre. All residential structures in the settlement are of the same architectural type with an external stone staircase with vaulting, and some have an apse-like annexe where hearth is situated, the so-called «chapel».
Near the village there is a sacral structure – a one-nave chapel of Virgin Mary`s Assumption, with a Romanesque ground-plan and an apse. Its surroundings are defined with a dense web made of dry walls, with small agricultural areas, olive-groves and pasture lands, lacking any other structures.
Today the village is devastated with new development, so that the characteristics of traditional architecture are rapidly disappearing. The new, aggressive architecture has destroyed almost every typical historical structure (smaller ground plan, vaulting constructions and apse-like annexes for hearths). Those are the characteristic features of the traditional architecture of the island of Krk, dating from the 15th/16th c. or earlier, which have, together with ethno-zone of Miholjice and Semenje, connected to the rural region of the castle of Omišalj, from the 15th or 16th c, and possibly even from the period of settling of the Croats.
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