On the south-western side of the island, on the spot where the islands of Cres and Lošinj are closest to one another, on the narrow isthmus there is the oldest coastal settlement called Osor. A narrow canal was dug on the southern side near by the town's wall across the isthmus, probably already in the ancient times, what led to the town becoming strategically more significant in the conditions of coastal navigation of that time, since it had a vital traffic position with which the sea route was essentially shortened. That was the place around which was proceeding the whole maritime traffic until the 15th ct., between North Adriatic harbours to the south in Dalmatia and Levant. This canal is today also called Kavanela, and it is only of local significance regarding the traffic.

History Cultural - Historical Heritage Significant Buildings The Town of Mali Lošinj

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