SIGNIFICANT STRUCTURES OF KRK

THE CATHEDRAL OF VIRGIN MARY`S ASSUMPTION

The Cathedral of Virgin Mary`s Assumption is the most important architectural monument of the town Krk. Today`s three-nave Romanesque church was built in the 12th c., on the spot of a three-nave Early-Christian basilica dating from the 5th-6th c., which was erected above the remains of Roman thermae (A. Mohorovčić). It has been reconstructed and annexed several times in the course of the centuries. A baptistery with a polygonal piscina was constructed along the northern nave of the cathedral. The sculptural profuseness of the capitals with 18 Romanesque columns possesses a particular meaning, the Romanesque sculptural decorations of the staircase, the elevated partition of the choir, a Renaissance wooden pulpit, and in the left angle there is a Gothic annexe (Frankopanian chapel), dating from the 15th c. Among the church inventory there is a Frankopanian pall presenting fallen Madonna in Glory (1475), sepulchral slabs of Krk`s bishops from 14th-16th c., and in the vestry there are carved wardrobes, etc. Bishop`s palace holds the works of Italian masters from the 16th and 17th c., and a polyptych "Sta. Lucy", a work of Paolo Veneziano, brought here from Baška.

THE CHURCH OF ST. QUIRINAL

The Church of St. Qurinal is a Romanesque basilica dating from the 12th c. It is situated closely by the western front of the cathedral. It is a quadratic, single-storeyed structure (lower church, and somewhat younger upper church). The upper floor of the church is a three-nave one. The left nave on the ground-floor serves as a passage by the front of the cathedral, probably coinciding with the line of the Roman Cardo. The righ apse of the upper church holds the remains of Gothic frescoes. The building possesses a monumental harmonious quality in the rhythm of the inner space, and in the structural, typically Roman treatment of the outside space, which remained in the original shape. This type of architecture is extremely rare today, therefore it is a pronounced monument of culture.

THE CHURCH OF BLESSED VIRGIN MARY OF HEALTH

The Church of Blessed Virgin Mary of Health is situated near the northern partition of the town`s walls, in the place of the former Benedictine abbey and the church of St. Michael. It is an early-Romanesque basilica, which was built in the period of time between the 10th and the 12th c., and reconstructed several times. It got its Baroque features in the 18th c., but it has kept its Romanesque look in its main characteristics until today – the features of a basilica, the rhythm of the columns, the building technique, small and regular shapes of the capitals. The lateral sanctuary demonstrates a painting of the Mother of God with the Child, dating from the 16th c.

TOWN`S RAMPARTS

Krk is still encircled in the walls which mostly originate from the Roman and medieval period. The lower stratum in the western part of these walls derives from the pre-Roman time. This partition is constructed in large dressed blocks without mortar. According to the stone inscription found near former town`s gates at the sea, the experts believe them to be Illyrian. Later research (dr. A. Faber, 1973) have shown that below the oldest visible layer, there is another one, still older Illyrian layer, made in drystone wall technique with plain stones. The traces of Illyrian wall have been found on the upper town`s gates and along the western part of the walls.

A hexagonal tower – bastion, with one half of its original height preserved, was constructed by the beginning of the 15th c., and it is a part of Krk`s fortification. A Roman stella is incorporated into the outward side of the western wall, as a spolium. It possesses a carved in inscription, probably dating from the period of the construction of the tower: "AN(NO) D(OMI)NI MCCCVII SEPTEMBR(I) DIE XV T(EM)P(O)R(E) D(OMI)NI CO(M)IT(I) NICH(OLA) I."

Frankopanian castle is also a part of the town`s fortifications. It is a circular and quadratic tower with walls on Kamplin. The complex developed in the period from the 12th to the 15th c., and it is one of rarely preserved structures with fortifications.

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