The little town Kastav is situated 11 km northwest of Rijeka. Built on a isolated hill 378 m over the sea surface dominates over a wide territory old trails conducing from Triest and Slovenia to the port of Rijeka.
Ancient prehistoric building determines the location (near to Misinci necropolis) and antiquity determines the itinerary (the road Tarsatica-Tergeste) and the Middle Age originated the urban genesis in the walls with towers and the urban gate - all this yet in a good condition. The ground-plan and architectonic objects of Kastav show the disposition of urban agglomerations fortified with a solid system having nine towers, describes by the author Valvasor in the 17th century.
Situation and construction of the town is oriented towards the eastern and southern declines of the hill where the houses were built in horizontal rows, narrower to the northwestern rim where a threenaval big basilica of St.Helene dominates with a belltower vertically this densely packed agglomeration.
The communication raster and character and the appearance and form of houses insert the whole ambient with the town Kastav among mediterranean urban settlements. Narrow winding lanes separate themelves from the central communication leading from the main urban entrance over the central square at Lokvina to the county St.Helene church and to the fortress Zudika.
The square Lokvina has the name because there was a puddle ("lokva") which was used for water supply. This puddle was closed in the 19th century.Here were constructed two draw-wells but only one is conserved. The square is rectangular. At the northwestern side is the Castle - the Captains residence. Opposite to the Castle is a small St. Trinity church which belonged to the Castle.
tale is connected to the puddle at the square, preserved to the
present times. In the year 1666 a certain
Franjo Morelli from Rijeka was the Captain
of Kastav. He announced his intention to collect a 10% tax to
agricultural products. This was against the valid laws.
Malcontent Kastav inhabitants rioted, seized the Captain and
drowned him in the puddle. After this all were questioned and all
confessed to be guilty with such words:
"All of us, me and my brother and my brothers brother and the judge Kinkela, we all did this to this devil. The old Mary did sting him with her spinning wheel."
At the eastern side of the town is Crekvina- a site with the remnants of a unfinihed Jesuit St.Mary church. In front of the town entrance stands towns box and the fort Fortica.
Kastav is situated at Kvarner Bay but shows all characteristics of Istrian continental towns. The historical nucleus of the town in the broader area of 250 m radius is registered as an urbanistic complex in the Registry of monuments of culture, Rijeka, 1966.
© Ineco, 1995./2005.