Čabar, Čabranka, The National Park Risnjak - village Leske
Čabar region is the extreme southwest part of Gorski Kotar, which is isolated as a separate space entity. This part of Gorski Kotar is rich in natural beauties (The National Park Risnjak, Snjeznik, unpolluted rivers and splendid springs of the river Kupa and Čabranka). It has extraordinary climate conditions, as well as well known old urbane centers with reach cultural and historic heritage. The main settlements are located by two most important roads: from Delnice towards the Republic of Slovenia (Gerovo, Tršče, Prezid), and by the rivers Čabranka and Kupa towards Brod na Kupi (Čabar, Plešče). There are presently about 5,000 inhabitants on all those settlements, villages, and dwellings. Basic business activities of those inhabitants are cattle breeding and farming, and industrial wood processing. Natural and acquired resources secure unobstructed development of primary economic activities, especially tourism: country tourism, hunting, sports, recreation and health tourism.
CULTURAL AND HISTORIC HERITAGE
The first traces of life on this region date from the time of Illyrians and Celts tribes Iapodes, from the time of Hallstatt culture from 9th to 4th century B.C. Arrival of Slav and Croatian tribes most probably occurred at the time of their penetration into Istria in 590. The most important places are Čabar, Gerovo, Prezid.
Kastle (curia) of Peter Zrinski, Church St. Antonio of Padova - Čabar
Čabar is mentioned for the first time in 1642 in the Grobnik Feudal Law, where we find: “… that Grobnik subordinates are due to chase loads of goods by horses from Grobnik to Čabar”, which means that Čabar was at that time a serfdom settlement of the city of Grobnik of Vinodol Nobles. The founder of Čabar is believed to be the Croatian governor Peter Zrinski. During his time the first foundry and blacksmith workshop were opened in 1651, when industrial activities were introduced in this region.
The center is dominated by castle (curia) of Peter Zrinski, which, in somewhat modified form caused by additions during past centuries and recent reconstruction, is still preserved. Above the center square a baroque Church St. Antonio of Padova, built in the 17th century with the calvary is dominant. There is dominant the altar paint of well know Slovene painter Valentin Metzinger, from the 18th century. Behind the church there is an alley and newly reconstructed Chapel of Crucifix Way with pictures painted by Andrija Zbašnik.
church St. Hermagore
|Gerovo is mentioned for the first time in the 11th century. Records from 1028 say that “one hour walk from Rijeka” there is a settlement Gerona, presently Gerovo. The parish was founded in 1504, and during the Zrinskis, Gerovo was once the center of Gorski Kotar. Today Gerovo is the biggest industrial center with rich hinterland. Roads from Gerovo spread to Risnjak, Snjeznik, spring of Kupa, hunting places. Present parochial church St. Hermagore and Fortunal was built in 1842. it is monumental construction with refined baroque forms, located at small slope. It can be reached from the west by the stairs and in continuation of its east side there is a cemetery.|
Prezid - panorama, Church St. Vid
Prezid is one of the first settlements of Gorski Kotar, founded during Frankopans, connected to the administration of bigger settlements and cities of Vinodol. In one description of Vinodol Parish from 1260, as the estate of Krk Dukes, there is mentioned also Brezidan by Babno Polje, presently Prezid. It was founded, as it name explains, “by wall”, or besides the old Roman wall - limes, closing the border of the West Roman Empire against penetration of Barbarians.
Prezid is an open type settlement, which maintained until the second half of the 20th century almost all characteristics of a fully formed area in continuity from 14th to 17th century, with rural and urbane buildings. In the center of the settlement, by the road, there is the Church St. Vid, from 1874, built most probably at the location of earlier construction. It is a huge building with high pointed roof and Baroque form. It has multisided holy place and tower in front of the western front.
House Vesel and detail - Prezid
There are still preserved in Prezid the old wooden houses, as an autochthon examples of architecture of Gorski Kotar. Some of them are protected as rural architecture of Croatian Heritage: House Vesel, House Ožbolt, House Žagar, House Lipovac. The houses are built from stone and wood, of square ground plan, double-eavesed semi-inclined roof, covered with either roofing tile or shingles. They are organizationally divided into three levels:
- basement - stone walls, divided into stable and hoard;
- living quarter - stone and wood walls;
- roof trust - attic, wooden construction, primary in function of hayloft.
House Ožbolt and detail: roof ("šindra") - Prezid
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