GORSKI KOTAR - CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL VALUES

 

Plementaš barn wall - Kuti

Plemenitaš - wooden waggon, barn wall in Kuti

 

The territory of Gorski Kotar is rather modest in offering preserved cultural and historical inheritance in comparison to the rest of the District “Primorsko-Goranski”, and due to insufficient exploration, it has been unjustly neglected. While historical urbane units had been more or less protected, rural units, especially etno zones were intensively loosing their historical characteristics. Transformation processes unreturnably wipe out life tradition of certain areas, including building tradition, while Gorski Kotar is the richest region as far as those rural and ethnographic contents are concerned.

The King Charles Road, the first important Croatian road, built at the beginning of the 18th century, no matter how modest it looks today, was the essential stimulus and cause to numerous ethnographically significant changes and new contents of Gorski Kotar. With connections and cultural movements, as well as closer historic and migration and immigration circumstances, influenced ethnographic contents. Furthermore, besides cultural and historic contents of ethnographic sphere and stratums, including legal development of social relations, the very nature is the basis of ethnographic guidelines and suppose the first and indirect condition for shaping way of life and area.

According to State Administration for Protection of cultural and historic heritage, on the territory of Gorski Kotar there were registered into the Register of Steady Monumental Cutter twenty (20) monuments, however, there are evidenced about hundred potentially valuable ones, which may acquire the status of cultural monuments after supplementary expert research.

 

REGISTERED CULTURAL MONUMENTS

Village units:

Archeological zones:

Etno zones:

Etno monuments:

Separate objects:

Memorial buildings:

 

Brod Moravice Plešce Mrkopalj

Brod Moravice, Plešce, Mrkopalj

 

Examining settlements of Gorski Kotar typologically, we have presently several types of them:

1. Spinal settlements - Presently most numerous type of villages of Gorski Kotar.

They are settlements and small villages with three to ten family dwellings called very often according to natural or ethnographic marks characteristic for that area, or according to locality. Delači, located nearby Moravian villages and Colnari, located in Završje, belong to that group. Some of them, due to more favorable natural and economic position, developed to stronger commercial and traffic centers. In such settlements, for example Lukovdol, Brod Moravice, Lokvama and many others, it is more difficult to observe the original core around which the settlement was founded, because in the meantime other factors contributed to later development of spinal settlement into row-like or street settlement.

 

2. Vertical or row-like settlements

We can find such vertical or row-like settlements along the river Kupa at the Croatian coast, or they are settlements naturally extended along fields, or Karst valleys, or along spinal hills, like Plešce, Tršće, Lič, Mrkopalj, Delnice and others.

 

3. Dwellings and villages with road marks

Their founding or development was influenced indirectly by construction of strong roads, especially King Charles Road and Louise Road in the 18th and 19th century. Fužine, and especially Mrkopalj and Vrbovsko belong to that group. From the original core they developed into row-like settlements, and afterwards into road type settlements. The villages Susica and Ravna Gora acquired stretched road appearance after construction of the King Charles Road.

 

 

Taking into account geographic characteristic, and especially landscape, economic, ethnographic and functional ones, the area of Gorski Kotar may be divided into several characteristic spacious units:

BROD MORAVICE REGION: Municipality Brod Moravice

ČABAR REGION: City of Čabar

CENTRAL REGION: City of Delnice, City of Vrbovsko, Municipality Fužine, Municipality Lokve, Municipality Mrkopalj, Municipality Ravna Gora i Municipality Skrad

 

Brodmoravice Region
  Čabar Region
    Central Region

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