THE TOWN CRES - SIGNIFICANT BUILDINGS

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Town Lodge

In front of the main gate there is the town lodge, a porch with slender columns. It was built in the 16th ct. in a Renaissance style. The pillory was situated at the front. Damages made by chain rings are still visible on the middle column, to which town's administration chained delinquents.

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Parish Church of St. Mary Of Snow - Portal And Bell-tower Detail

The parish church of St. Mary of Snow with a bell-tower is situated in the old town centre, on a small square. It was built in the 15th ct., and the separate bell-tower in the 18th ct., replacing the old one. The church was built by local masters. At the church front there is a stone group "Annunciation", and a relief of Mother of God dating from the 15th ct. is placed in the lunette of the portal. A late-Gothic wooden mourning-scene (15th ct.) can be found in the church, and on the main altar there is a painting of Our Lady of Snow, a work of C. Dusi, dating from the 19th ct. As the property of the rectory, besides 15th to 18th ct. paintings, there is also the most valuable work, polyptych "St. Sebastian with the saints", painted by Alviseo Vivarini, from the 15th ct.

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Parish Church Details

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Church Of St. Isidore - Detail

Not far away from the parish church there is town,s oldest church - church of St. Isidore (St. Sidor - town,s patron) dating from the 12th ct., with a Romanesque apse, a Gothic portal and a small bell-tower in the shape of a distaff. According to tradition, it was the first parish church. The church-bell, dating from the 14th ct., is one of the oldest on the island. Inside the church, a late-Gothic wooden sculpture of St. Isidore in a sitting position is situated at the altar. The sculpture belongs to the 15th ct. There are other wooden sculptures, also from the 15th ct.: a figure of Our Lady with the Child, St. Sebastian and St. Fabian, and parts of Gothic altar triptych.

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Chapel Of St. George - Chapel Interior

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St. Gaetano - Detail

Chapels of St. Marc, St. Jacob, St. Gaetano, St. George and St. Barbara are situated in the old town centre and in the new part of the town. In the smaller churches situated in the town and its surroundings, which were built by various brotherhoods, two principal architectural types stand out, which are characteristic for sacral architecture of the whole island. One is Romanesque with semi-circular projecting apse and flat ceiling in the nave (St. Gaetano, St. Jacob), and the other is Gothic, with square altar niche, which is, just like the nave, vaulted over with a conic vault, the chapel of St. Mary Magdalene from 1402., and the church of the Holy Spirit, a late-Gothic building initiated in 1448., which was several times restored and enlarged.

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Church Of The Holy Spirit
St. Mary Magdalene
St. Marc

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Palace Petris - Arsan

In the port, a vital centre of the town, objects of public purpose were erected: prince,s court - with a townhall and offices (pulled down in 1854), the town bridge, arsenal and a granary, also patrician palaces (Petris, Rodinis). The palace Petris-Arsan is the oldest patrician palace, constructed in the 16th ct. It is built in the style of Venetian palaces with late-Gothic and Renaissance architectural elements (biforium at the western portal). The inhabitants of Cres call the palace Arsan, because arsenal existed there a long time ago. A famous Renaissance philosopher and writer Franciscus Patritius i.e. Petris was born here. The building now provides place for the Town museum and a collection of stone monuments.

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Benedictine monastery And St. Peter's Church

Outside former town walls are located Benedictine monastery of St. Peter (15th ct.) and a Franciscan monastery of St. Francis with the oldest one-nave church of St. Francis from the 14th ct. The monastery was built at the beginning of the 14th ct. in the style of late-Gothic and Renaissance architecture. In the cloister of the monastery there are vaults and gravestones of famous families from Cres, whereas on the eastern wall there are busts of people connected to the monastery. The smaller cloister has an arcade and a well. The oldest known coat of arms of the town - raised panther, from the 14th ct., is engraved on the well. The monastery keeps valuable archival materials and the library.

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Monastery And Church Of St. Francis

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Venetian Tower

A Venetian tower is situated in the northwestern part of the town, at the highest peak of Venetian defense system. It was built in the 16th ct. in the high-Renaissance style. Only this tower is preserved of the complete existing defense system of town walls and towers, which enclosed town centre and the port into a big rectangular ground-plan.

Chapels From Cres
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Holy Cross
St. Catharine
Mother Of God Of Health
St. Lucy

Cultural-historic and art monuments are also collected in several collections in the museum (prehistory and antique archeology, early Croatian sculpture, icons, wooden sculpture of the 15th ct. etc.); in the collection of stone monuments (Roman inscriptions from the northern part of the island, medieval epigrafy); in the vestry (a collection of paintings 15th - 18th ct.); in the Franciscan monastery (16th - 17th ct. furniture, Gothic plastic art, paintings, incunabula, codexes); and in the Benedictine monastery (icons, codexes from the 15th ct.).

Location
  History
   Cultural And Historical Heritage

Ineco, 1995./2005.