BELI - HISTORY

Beli has been living in continuity about 4000 years. On that elevation, just like on many other hills of Cres, thick dry walls were found - the remains of prehistoric castle.

The first known inhabitants of Beli were the Illyrians whose traces are left throughout Tramuntana. Beli experiences its most renowned days during the Roman Empire, when the Romans choose this place to build one of their forts for the coast of eastern border and efficient controlling of the inner sailing road at Kvarner between Cres and Krk. Beli was then called Caput Insulae, meaning The Head of the island. Caput Insulae was one of those towns that as a part of Roman Empire had a full autonomy and bore the title of republic.

A legend says that the town was somewhere around 1265. visited by the Hungarian king Abel (Bela) IV, who took shelter there after the victory over the Mongols on Grobnik Field (Grobničko polje). Allegedly, the town-inhabitants carved his head in stone wall and called the town Beli in his honour.

In the Middle Ages Beli is Croatian fortified town - castrum, the centre of village chapter and autonomous commune to which belonged the northern part of Cres - until the end of the 15th ct., when Venice abrogated its autonomy and also the autonomy of Lubenice.

Position
  History
   Cultural And Historical Heritage

© Ineco, 1995./2005.