JURANDVOR

JURANDVOR - A historical village unit of a condensed type in the area of Bašćanska Draga. The settlement was founded in the 16th c. and it consists of settlements Čubranići and Juranići (named after the names of noblemen). In the centre of the settlement, in the old core of Juranići there is the so called Jurin dvor after which the settlement got its name.

Stone houses with roofs with two eaves covered with half-round tiles make the unit of space. The organization of space has characteristics of semi-urban settlements with outhouses situated at the edge of the settlement and in the surroundings.

The condensed type of settlement and the distance from the sea and the immediate vicinity to the cultivable land and pasture, testify to the defensive type of rural settlement economically tied to the cattle-breeding and agricultural cultural sphere.

According to the mutual relationship of densely arranged living quarters with developed architectural details, according to the location in the wider visible area on a light slope of the ground, the village Jurandvor is a representative of the type of the settlements of Baška from between the 16th and 19th c. on the narrower, so called coastal part of the depression.

The Church of Sta. Lucy together with the Benedictine complex is situated in the village Jurandvor near Baška. In the vicinity to the church there is the Jurandvor cemetery and the remains of the Benedictine monastery. The Church of Sta. Lucy is a rare type of Old Croatian sacral architecture with the bell-tower at the front.

The Benedictines - Glagolitic monks build the abbey of Sta. Lucy on the remains of Roman villa, and around the year of 1100. abbot Dobrovit builds today's one-nave early-Romanesque church at which front there is a bell-tower having a square ground plan. In the 19th c. the bell-tower was reduced and it lost one storey, while the stone sculptures were built in the angles - the symbols of four evangelists.

The church floor rises in three levels, the lowest in the nave, two stairs higher in the monks' choir, and the highest in the apse, where the protruding altar was used for the liturgy "versus populum". Along the semi-circular apse abbot's bench was constructed - subselium. The choir was divided from the nave with a stone partition (septum), where the panel of Baška served as the left partition panel.

By the end of the 15th c. the Chapel of Mother of God of Rosary, with a Gothic ribbed vaulting, was annexed to the southern nave wall.

The church today keeps a collection of stone monuments of the Roman and early Christian period, together with Glagolitic inscriptions and wooden sculpture in the technique of polychromy dating from the 16th c. and belonging to the old lateral altars. In the bell-tower there is the bell dating from the first half of the 16th c.

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