HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOWN BAKAR

[Bakarski zaljev] [Luka] [Turska kuaa]

Old picture postcard of Bakar

Some archeological findings are giving evidence of existence of a human settlement there in prehistoric time, then in the time of the Roman empire Volcera antic settlement being known there.

The most prosperous time in the development of Bakar is feudal era (1225-1671). In the 13th century Bakar existed as a part of Vinodol parrish. By donation of Andreas II in the year 1225 Vinodol and Bakar appartained to the Dukes of Krk, Frankopans, after a short change of ownership in 15th century again owned by Frankopans and from 1550-1670 propriety of the family Zrinski, i.e. till the execution of Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan in Vienna. Bakar is a centre of communication in the Vinodol parrish with strategic, mercantile, naval, and shipyard function and with vineyard and fishing resources.

After the year 1670 Habsburgs governed Bakar and the town had the administration of Captains.Those times began with robbery and desorganisation in economy, but soon the Captains became notable by administration of the whole Vinodol area, extending the competence of imperial vicarage to the inner part of Croatia till the castle of Ozalj.

By imperial decree of Mary Therese in 1778 Bakar is proclaimed a free king's town with the free port. This is the time of a broad development of sea traffic in Bakar and in connection with this of a greater building activity. In Bakar was in 1849 founded a nautic school, 1875 a Croatian shipping society.

The traffic abbandoned to a great extent the Bakar port after the completion of the railroad Karlovac-Rijeka, making Rijeka port active.

The 20th century begins with the industrialization of the Bay of Bakar and his surroundings which resulted in devastation of natural quality there and in a change of the way of life in Bakar.

Location
  Castel

Ineco, 1995./2005.